Sequestration, or the automatic across-the-board funding cuts set to kick in nationwide at the beginning of 2013, will tally nearly $110 billion in cuts over the next nine years.
The cuts are meant to alleviate the trillion dollar deficit. Congressional Republicans and Democrats are currently facing a stalemate on a solution to the severe fiscal cuts sequestration calls for while still fixing the deficit. Millions of dollars are at stake for the University of Missouri System.
That means the University of Missouri System is at risk of losing more than $25 million in federal funding, according to a report from the system’s Government Relations Office. The cuts would take chunks out of funds for student aid and Medicare, and biggest slice would come out of university research.
Rob Duncan is the vice chancellor for research on MU’s Columbia campus and he says about $17 million in federally supported research sits on the chopping block at the Columbia flagship alone. That’s about 10 percent of the university’s federal funding for research. The whole University of Missouri System stands to lose about $23 million in research funding.
"It’s a lot. It’s substantial," says Duncan. "It’s not certain what exactly that impact would be because a lot of it would depend upon how the agencies that fund us from the federal government decide to make up that reduction in their budget."
Many university researchers receive federal grants for their projects through agencies such as the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation and the Department of Energy. Should sequestration happen, these agencies will most likely not receive the same amount of federal money they have been collecting in the past. In turn, the agencies may be forced to limit the number of research grants awarded, cap the price tag on those grants or even halt funding certain research projects all together. Duncan says other funding opportunities are available, though.
"Fortunately in many cases, there will be opportunities to shift to other funding modalities other than the federal," he says. "But that’s a problematic argument in the sense that as the federal investment slows down, ultimately all investment slows down. So it’s something that if it occurs, we’ll definitely have to adapt to."
Another looming cut would be a $750,000 reduction in student aid grants for programs like work-study. And Medicare payments are at risk too, but cuts are capped at 2 percent because the government considers it an entitlement program.
About half of the money scheduled to be saved with sequestration comes from deep defense cuts, something Congressional Republicans and Democrats have said they want to avoid. Both U.S. Senators from Missouri say they want to avoid wheeling off the so-called fiscal cliff, but no compromise has been reached yet.