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Tue December 11, 2012
Feds Say 'No' To Partial Medicaid Expansion
Originally published on Tue December 11, 2012 9:55 am
The Affordable Care Act, as passed by Congress in 2010, assumed that every low-income person would have access to health insurance starting in 2014.
That's when about 17 million Americans — mostly unmarried healthy adults with incomes up to 133 percent of poverty, or about $15,000 a year — would gain access to Medicaid.
The program currently covers parents, children, the elderly and those with disabilities. Because adding more people to the program could overburden state budgets, the federal government would pay 100 percent of the additional cost for the first three years, phasing down to 90 percent.
But the Supreme Court upset this plan last summer when it decided the Medicaid expansion should be optional. Republican governors started to ask if they could expand Medicaid just somewhat, but still collect the additional federal funding for it.
After several months of consideration, the Obama administration delivered its decision Monday, as part of a series of questions and answers for states about Medicaid expansions and setting up health care exchanges.
"Congress directed that the enhanced matching rate be used to expand coverage to 133 percent" of the federal poverty level, says the document. "The law does not provide for a phased-in or partial expansion."
But that decision could lead to many fewer people getting coverage, predicts Matt Salo, executive director of the National Association of Medicaid Directors.
"I think there are a number of states — not just governors, but state legislators as well — for whom an all-or-nothing proposition, you may see some saying no," Salo said. Those are mostly Republican, at least so far.
Conservatives who intensely dislike the health law want those GOP governors and lawmakers to stick to their guns. That includes people like Merrill Matthews of the Texas-based Institute for Policy Innovation. In a piece for Forbes.com, Matthews said Medicaid is a flawed and fraud-ridden program not worth expanding.
But those same elected officials are also being strongly lobbied to go forward with the expansion — mostly by hospitals and other health care providers who would benefit from the additional federal funds.
Federal officials say there is no set deadline for states to choose whether or not to expand Medicaid.
DAVID GREENE, HOST:
OK. Let's get an update now on how the nation's new health care law is being implemented. Yesterday, officials answered an outstanding question for states on the expansion of Medicaid for people with low incomes. Here's NPR's Julie Rovner.
JULIE ROVNER, BYLINE: The Obama administration delivered its Medicaid decision yesterday, via Marilyn Tavenner, acting administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. It was not the news many states were hoping to hear.
MARILYN TAVENNER: Consistent with the law, there is not an option for enhanced match or partial or phased in Medicaid expansion to 133 percent.
ROVNER: To back up a bit, as passed by Congress in 2010, the Affordable Care Act assumed that, for the first time, every low income person would have access to health insurance. Starting in 2014, about 17 million mostly unmarried healthy adults would gain access to Medicaid if their incomes are below 133 percent of poverty - about $15,000 a year. That program currently covers parents, children, the elderly and those with disabilities.
So as not to overburden state budgets, the federal government would pay the entire additional cost for the first three years and most of it after that. But the Supreme Court changed all that last summer when it decided the Medicaid expansion should be optional.
Republican governors started to ask if they could expand Medicaid perhaps just somewhat, but still collect the additional federal funding for it. Sorry, but no, said the administration. But that could lead to many fewer people getting coverage, predicts Matt Salo. He's executive director of the National Association of Medicaid Directors.
MATT SALO: I think there are a number of states, not just governors, but state legislators, as well, for whom an all or nothing proposition, you may see some saying no.
ROVNER: Mostly Republican, at least so far. But already those leaning against expanding Medicaid are being strongly lobbied by hospitals and other health care providers who'd benefit from the additional federal funds.
Julie Rovner, NPR News, Washington. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright National Public Radio.